- What is Dragon’s Breath? What are liquid nitrogen puffs? Are they the same thing?
- Where did Dragon's Breath originate?
- What does it taste like?
- Where can I get Dragon's Breath?
- Anaheim, CA: I Am Smoothie & Shaved Snow
- Sacramento, CA (Rocklin): Shave Monster
- San Diego, CA: Freeze
- Saginaw, MI: Nitro Creamery & Craft Soda
- Atlanta, GA (Dacula): Sweet Lab
- Las Vegas, NV: Madness Cup
- Los Angeles, CA: Crescendo Ice Cream
- San Jose, CA: Vampire Penguin featuring Jastea
- San Francisco, CA: Chocolate Chair
- Are liquid nitrogen puffs like Dragon’s Breath safe to eat?
- What's the controversy?
- How do I eat dragon's breath safely and responsibly?
- How can I make Dragon's Breath?
What is Dragon’s Breath? What are liquid nitrogen puffs? Are they the same thing?
Liquid nitrogen puffs are a novelty dessert made of fruity cereal puffs or other light and airy snacks (e.g. popcorn, marshmallows, wafers, whipped cream, cheese puffs, etc.) soaked in liquid nitrogen. This Instagram-friendly snack goes by many names including nitro puffs, nitro snacks, nitro pop, nitro balls, dragon nitro puff, dragon puffs, dragon balls, dragon smoke, snow balls, liquid nitrogen snowballs, liquid nitrogen candy, Heaven Breath a.k.a. Heaven’s Breath, and most commonly, Dragon’s Breath.
The frozen nature of this snack allows the eater to exhale clouds of water vapor, which mimics the fiery breath of a dragon!
Where did Dragon’s Breath originate?
Dragon’s Breath was originally invented and served at “minibar” by José Andrés in 2008. After Andrés stopped serving it at his LA restaurant “The Bazaar” in 2009, it spread throughout Taiwan, Korea, and the Philippines over the following years..
The term “Dragon Breath” was trademarked in the US in 2017 by Chocolate Chair and now specifically refers to the liquid nitrogen-infused fruity cereal puffs sold by Chocolate Chair since 2016. So technically, you can’t get Dragon’s Breath anywhere else. Remember how “cronut” was trademarked back in 2013 by its inventor, Dominique Ansel, so other places with similar items had to use alternative names like croissant doughnut, doissant and doughsant? Yeah, it’s like that.
What does it taste like?
The flavor of these hyper-frozen snacks can be very mild since the liquid nitrogen itself has no flavor, but the fruity cereal version tastes like Froot Loops, Trix, or Cap’n Crunch. It may be accompanied by flavored dipping sauces to add more taste to the cereal.
When eaten and exhaled, this seemingly smoking dessert releases as a thick fog mimicking a dragon’s breath releasing smoke from the mouth and nostrils.
Where can I get Dragon’s Breath?
Many places that serve liquid nitrogen ice cream and desserts had expanded to serve liquid nitrogen puffs. Also, plenty of mall kiosks across the country have served some variation of liquid nitrogen puffs. However, certain fly-by-night places may serve this snack without being educated about the proper safety serving techniques—the most important being that there should not be any liquid nitrogen remaining in the container when served.
Here are several locations that have safely prepared this “smoky” snack since the mid-2010s.
Anaheim, CA: I Am Smoothie & Shaved Snow
Sacramento, CA (Rocklin): Shave Monster
San Diego, CA: Freeze
Saginaw, MI: Nitro Creamery & Craft Soda
Atlanta, GA (Dacula): Sweet Lab
Las Vegas, NV: Madness Cup
Los Angeles, CA: Crescendo Ice Cream
San Jose, CA: Vampire Penguin featuring Jastea
San Francisco, CA: Chocolate Chair
Are liquid nitrogen puffs like Dragon’s Breath safe to eat?
Yes, but only under proper preparation and supervision. When prepared correctly and eaten responsibly, foods and drinks made with liquid nitrogen including liquid nitrogen puffs and Dragon’s Breath are not dangerous. Liquid nitrogen is non-toxic. The main reason for concern is its extreme temperature. However, thanks to a scientific phenomenon called the Leidenfrost effect, a cushion of gas provides a protective layer when the liquid nitrogen briefly comes into close proximity to your body heat due to the high contrast in temperatures.
But in any case, avoid all direct contact with liquid nitrogen. The main point is that liquid nitrogen must be fully evaporated from the meal or drink before serving. It can safely be used in food or drink preparation, but it should not be ingested.
-Peter Barham of the University of Bristol’s School of Physics
Keep in mind, serving liquid nitrogen-infused foods is unregulated. Thus, not every place properly educates its employees on the correct serving techniques. Due to certain places improperly handling this snack, a few customers have suffered oral injuries and respiratory problems. In August 2018, the FDA released a public advisory as a precaution stating, “customers should avoid eating products prepared with liquid nitrogen at the point of sale.”
Furthermore, the “smoke” itself may visually appear similar to smoking or vaping. However, the composition of the “smoke” released by foods with liquid nitrogen is not the same as what is released from a cigarette or e-cigarette. It is similar to fog and is primarily composed of the condensation of water vapor in your mouth (like your breath on a cold day).
What’s the controversy?
Unfortunately, a small percentage of untrained servers and uninformed customers have given Dragon’s Breath a “dangerous” reputation over the years. The primary causes of harm were direct contact with liquid nitrogen and ingestion by asthma sufferers, neither of which should ever occur. This is the importance of educating workers and informing customers—people can get hurt unnecessarily. With proper knowledge and usage, it makes for a harmless and enjoyable experience.
How do I eat dragon’s breath safely and responsibly?
First, ensure all the liquid nitrogen has been poured out or has fully evaporated before eating. Removing every drop of liquid nitrogen leaves the frozen treat itself, which can’t seriously harm you.*
Eat this cryogenic snack the same way you would eat really hot food…slowly and carefully. It’s very, very cold (even colder than dry ice). So, pick it up with the stick provided (not your hands) and blow on it if the temperature is too extreme. Just as you wouldn’t fill your mouth with hot food because it would burn your mouth, you shouldn’t fill your mouth with freezing food because it could cause frostbite.
If you have cavities or sensitive teeth, leave it on the stick so you can still play with the fog while your breath gently warms it up. Otherwise, if you chew it immediately, you may feel a slight stinging sensation in your teeth.
Make sure to eat your Dragon’s Breath and all types of liquid nitrogen puffs in small amounts. This allows your mouth to naturally heat up again between each bite. Eating it too fast or in large amounts could cool your mouth to the point of discomfort or pain.
Finally, completely breathe out the vapors for a dramatic visual effect. In the end, as long as you pace yourself when enjoying your liquid nitrogen puffs (and don’t have any respiratory issues), you should have nothing to worry about except perfectly capturing your dragon breathing skills on camera.
How can I make Dragon’s Breath?
We don’t recommend making liquid nitrogen-infused snacks like Dragon’s Breath at home because liquid nitrogen can be dangerous when handled improperly. For those who have experience in safely and responsibly handling liquid nitrogen, here’s a recipe.
- protective gloves
- protective eye wear
- large metal bowl
- slotted spoon
- 2-3 cups liquid nitrogen
- 2-3 cups Korean fruity puff cereal
- Pour the cereal in a medium metal bowl.
- While wearing protective gloves and eyewear, slowly and carefully pour the liquid nitrogen over the cereal so it is completely soaked; wait for the liquid nitrogen to evaporate.
- Transfer the cereal into cups. (VERY IMPORTANT: Make sure there is absolutely no liquid nitrogen remaining in any of the cups by covering each cup with the slotted spoon and pouring any remaining liquid back in the bowl.)
- Use a skewer to pick up the cereal and pop in your mouth. Gently chew and exhale to breathe like a dragon!
Only mature adults should handle liquid nitrogen and prepare this snack. There should be no liquid remaining in the cereal when served.
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It is never safe to directly eat or touch liquid nitrogen in any way. Think of it like fire. Both fire and liquid nitrogen are sources of extreme temperatures and can cause a lot of harm. However, it is safe and reliable for food when handled properly.
If you have asthma or any type of breathing-related issues, please avoid ingesting any liquid nitrogen-related foods or drinks as they may potentially lead to an asthma attack.
Liquid nitrogen looks like steamy water and may appear harmless, but it can quickly freeze whatever it touches. Although the fog is safe, the actual liquid is not due to its extremely low temperature. So, make sure to never directly come into contact with or ingest liquid nitrogen and leave the freezing to the food. Enjoy responsibly!
Kristina Reynolds is the Founder & CEO of Glutto and an alumna of the University of California, San Diego. She writes articles & posts for Glutto Digest with insights from fellow industry experts. Furthermore, she is the author of The Fittest Food Lovers: How EVERY BODY Can be Incredibly Fit and Still Enjoy Food, a collaborative philanthropic book with proceeds going to charities that fight world hunger.