Fregola: pasta pearls of Sardinian history

fregola pasta shapes italian

What is fregola?

Fregola (traditionally known in Italy as fregula) is the common term for a specific type of Italian pasta shaped like small pearls or beads. It is made with semolina flour, water, and salt. The dough is rolled into small balls, which are then baked in an oven. They are typically eaten in a broth or sauce.

The word “fregola” stems from the Latin word for crumb, ferculum. This “crumb pasta” is relatively dense and is often used in soups, risotto and salads to make them more filling. It can also be served with a variety of sauces, including tomato sauce or pesto. Popular recipes demonstrate the versatility of this pasta by mixing it with many different types of seafood (clams, mussels, etc.), meats (e.g. pancetta, chicken, etc. ) and/or vegetables (peas, cherry tomatoes, etc.).

Fregola is a traditional dish in Sardinia, where it has been made since the Middle Ages, making it one of the oldest known forms of pasta.

What does fregola taste like?

If most pasta uses the same ingredients, doesn’t it all taste the same? Not exactly. Since these beads of pasta are traditionally oven-toasted, they have a mild nutty flavor that adds dimension to the flavor of dishes unlike many other types of pasta which are more neutral.

Substitutes for bead-shaped pastas

Alternatives for recipes that call for small round bead-shaped or rice-like pastas like fregola include

  • acini de pepe
  • orzo
  • risotto
  • couscous

Where can I buy it?

Fregola is not commonly found in most supermarket chains, except for select locations at Walmart. You can also purchase this beady pasta online from these retailers:

How can I make fregola?

If you’d like to try your hand at making this Sardinian pearl pasta yourself, follow this simple recipe and technique that has been around for centuries.

fregola pasta shapes italian

Fregola Pasta

Prep Time: 45 minutes
Cook Time: 10 minutes
Total Time: 10 minutes

Fregola is a small, bead-shaped pasta of Sardinia. Here is a simple recipe on how to make this by hand.


  • 2 tablespoons coarse semolina
  • 1 1/2 cup durum wheat semolina flour
  • 1 spray bottle or small bowl cup water (room temperature - to moisten ingredients)


  1. In a large flat pan or baking sheet, add coarse semolina.
  2. With clean dry fingers, sprinkle semolina flour (about 1 teaspoon) over coarse semolina.
  3. Using a water bottle (or fingers) lightly sprinkle water on semolina mixture and rub moistened mixture with clean fingers in small circular motions to create beads of pasta.
  4. Preheat oven to 350°F.
  5. Repeat steps 2 and 3 until all flour is used. (Optional: Separate smaller beads with a sifter.)
  6. Heat pasta beads for 10 minutes or until golden brown.
  7. Use in any savory dish immediately or store for up to 1 month.


Need baking sheet or flat pan to toast fregola is required. Spray bottle is recommended, but optional.

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Hello! I'm Kristina

Kristina Reynolds is the Founder & CEO of Glutto and an alumna of the University of California, San Diego. She writes articles & posts for Glutto Digest with insights from fellow industry experts. Furthermore, she is the author of The Fittest Food Lovers: How EVERY BODY Can be Incredibly Fit and Still Enjoy Food, a collaborative philanthropic book with proceeds going to charities that fight world hunger.
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